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Becker, A., Sullivan, E. E., Leykum, L. K., Brown, R., Linzer, M., Poplau, S., & Sinsky, C. (2023). Burnout Among Hospitalists During the Early COVID-19 Pandemic: a National Mixed Methods Survey Study. JGIM, 10.1007/s11606-023-08309-x.

Nguyen Howell A, Linzer M, Seidel Z, Flood A, Moss M, Stillman M, Poole K, Ameli O, Chaisson CE, Poplau S. Teamwork Measure Relates to Provider Experience, Burnout, and Intent to Stay. Am J Managed Care. 2023;29.​

Gender and intention to leave healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic among U.S. healthcare workers: A cross sectional analysis of the HERO registry.

The Association of Work Overload with Burnout and Intent to Leave the Job Across the Healthcare Workforce During COVID-19

Exploring relationships between physician stress, burnout, and diagnostic elements in clinician notes

Burnout Among Missouri Primary Care Clinicians in 2021: Roadmap for Recovery?

The Mini Z Resident (Mini ReZ): Psychometric Assessment of a Brief Burnout Reduction Measure

Linzer M, Jin JO, Shah P, et al. Trends in Clinician Burnout With Associated Mitigating and Aggravating Factors During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Health Forum. 2022;3(11):e224163. doi:10.1001/jamahealthforum.2022.4163

Poplau S, Linzer M, Allwood D, et al. Designing the careful and kind clinic: an evidence-based approach. BMJ Leader 2022;6:87-91.

Khullar, Dhruv; Prasad, Kriti; Neprash, Hannah; Poplau, Sara; Brown, Roger L.; Williams, Eric S.; Audi, Crystal; Linzer, Mark. Factors associated with patient trust in their clinicians, Health Care Management Review: February 14, 2022 - Volume - Issue - doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000336​

LeClaire, Michele MD; Poplau, Sara BA; Linzer, Mark MD; Brown, Roger PhD; Sinsky, Christine MD. Compromised Integrity, Burnout, and Intent to Leave the Job in Critical Care Nurses and Physicians, Critical Care Explorations: February 2022 - Volume 4 - Issue 2 - p e0629 doi: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000629​

Linzer, M., McLoughlin, C., Poplau, S. et al. The Mini Z Worklife and Burnout Reduction Instrument: Psychometrics and Clinical Implications. J Gen Intern Med. 2022.

Sinsky CA, Brown RL, Stillman MJ, Linzer M. COVID-Related Stress and Work Intentions in a Sample of US Health Care Workers. Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes. 2021 Dec;5(6):1165-1173. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2021.08.007. Epub 2021 Dec 8. PMID: 34901752; PMCID: PMC8651505. DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2021.08.007

Linzer, Mark, and Poplau, Sara. Eliminating Burnout and Moral Injury: Bolder Steps Required. EClinicalMedicine, Elsevier, 19 Aug. 2021, 

Quirk R, Rodin H, Linzer M. Targeting Causes of Burnout in Residency: An Innovative Approach Used at Hennepin Healthcare. Acad Med. 2021 May 1;96(5):690-694. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003940. PMID: 33496434.

Prasad K, McLoughlin C, Stillman M, Poplau S, Goelz E, Taylor S, Nankivil N, Brown R, Linzer M, Cappelucci K, Barbouche M, Sinsky C. Prevalence and Correlates of Stress and Burnout Among U.S. Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 pandemic: A National Cross-sectional Survey Study. EClinicalMedicine,2021; 35(May): 100879.

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. “Tips for Measuring Joy in Work.”, 2021 April 27,

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. “How to Create Space for Joy in Work Amid Crisis and Change.”, 2021 March 30,

Linzer M, Stillman M, Brown R, Taylor S, Nankivil N, Poplau S, Goelz E, Sinsky C; American Medical Association–Hennepin Healthcare System Coping With COVID Investigators. Preliminary Report: US Physician Stress During the Early Days of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes. 2021 Feb 2;5(1):127-136. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2021.01.005.

Koranne R, Williams ES, Poplau S, Banks KM, Sonneborn M, Britt HR, Linzer M. Reducing burnout and enhancing work engagement among clinicians: The Minnesota experience. Health Care Manage Rev. 2020 Dec 8. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000298. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33298803.

Linzer M, Smith CD, Hingle S, et al. Evaluation of Work Satisfaction, Stress, and Burnout Among US Internal Medicine Physicians and Trainees. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(10):e2018758. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18758

Audi C, Poplau S, Freese R, et al. Negative Experiences Due to Gender and/or Race: a Component of Burnout in Women Providers Within a Safety-Net Hospital. J Gen Intern Med. 2020.

Goelz E, Audi C, Poplau S, Freese R, Linzer M, Stillman M. The Beter Tool: A Mentorship Intervention for Addressing Burnout in Medicine Department Physicians. Physician Leadership Journal. 2020;7(2):36-44.

Prasad K, Poplau S, Brown R, et al. Time Pressure During Primary Care Office Visits: a Prospective Evaluation of Data from the Healthy Work Place Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2020;35:465–472.

LeClaire M., Poplau S,  Prasad K, Audi C, Freese R, Linzer, M. Low ICU Burnout in a Safety Net Hospital. Critical Care Explorations: May 23, 2019 - Volume 1 - Issue 5 - p e0014. doi: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000014

Kroth PJ, Morioka-Douglas N, Veres S, Babbott S, Poplau S, Qeadan F, Parshall C, Corrigan K, Linzer M. Association of Electronic Health Record Design and Use Factors with Clinician Stress and Burnout. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(8):e199609. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9609

Linzer M, Poplau S, Prasad K, et al. Characteristics of Health Care Organizations Associated With Clinician Trust: Results From the Healthy Work Place Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(6):e196201. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6201

Olson K, Sinsky C, Rinne ST, Long T, Vender R, Mukherjee1 S, Bennick M, Linzer M. Cross‐sectional Survey of Workplace Stressors Associated with Physician Burnout Measured by the Mini‐Z and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Stress Health. 2019 Apr;35(2):157-175. doi: 10.1002/smi.2849. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Kroth PJ, Morioka-Douglas N, Veres S, Pollock K, Babbott S, Poplau S, Corrigan K, Linzer M. The electronic elephant in the room: Clinicians and the electronic health record. JAMIA Open. 2018 Jul; 1(1):49-56. doi:10.1093/jamiaopen/ooy016

Linzer M, Sinsky C, Poplau S, Brown R, Williams ES. Joy in Medical Practice: Clinician Satisfaction in the Healthy Workplaces Trial. Health Aff. 2017; 36(10):1808-1814.  doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2017.0790

Linzer M, Poplau S. Building a Sustainable Primary Care Workforce: Where Do We Go from Here? J Am Board Fam Med. 2017;30(2):127-129. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2017.02.170014

Linzer M, Poplau S, Brown R, et al. Do Work Condition Interventions Affect Quality and Errors in Primary Care? Results from the Healthy Work Place Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2017;32(1):56-61. doi:10.1007/s11606-016-3856-2

Varkey AB, Manwell LB, Brown RL, et al. Impact of Work Conditions and Minority Patient Populations on Quality and Errors. Health Serv Res Manag Epidemiol. 2016;3. doi:10.1177/2333392815625997

Linzer M, Poplau S, Babbott S, et al. Worklife and Wellness in Academic General Internal Medicine: Results from a National Survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31(9):1004-1010. doi:10.1007/s11606-016-3720-4

Linzer M, Poplau S, Grossman E, et al. A Cluster Randomized Trial of Interventions to Improve Work Conditions and Clinician Burnout in Primary Care: Results from the Healthy Work Place (HWP) Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(8):1105-1111. doi:10.1007/s11606-015-3235-4

Babbott S, Manwell LB, Brown R, et al. Electronic Medical Records and Physician Stress in Primary Care: Results from the MEMO Study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014;21(e1):e100-e106. doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001875

Linzer M, Manwell LB, Williams ES, et al. Working Conditions in Primary Care: Physician Reactions and Care Quality. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(1):28-36, W6-9. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-151-1-200907070-00006

Varkey AB, Manwell LB, Williams ES, et al. Separate and Unequal: Clinics Where Minority and Nonminority Patients Receive Primary Care. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(3):243-250. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2008.559


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